Takshashila can also alternately be translated to “Rock of Taksha ” in reference to the Ramayana which states that the city was named in honour of Bharata ‘s son and first ruler, Taksha. Something does not work as expected? The process of teaching was critical and thorough- unless one unit was mastered completely, the student was not allowed to proceed to the next [ citation needed ]. By BCE, the Greek satraps left by Alexander were driven out, [40] and Taxila came under the control of Chandragupta Maurya , who turned Taxila into a regional capital. Unlike Pliny, these sources noted that the journey to Taxila from the Indus took three days and not two. The renowned archaeologist Sir Alexander Cunningham rediscovered the ruins of Taxila in the midth century.

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Taxila – Wikipedia

During lulls in Greek rule, the city managed profitably on its own, to independently control several local trade guilds, who also minted most of the city’s tqkshila coinage. Did you know that the University at Nalanda functioned from to AD until destroyed by invaders? Unlike Pliny, these sources noted that the journey to Taxila from the Indus took three days and not two.

Retrieved 24 May A History of India 4th ed.

World Heritage sites in Pakistan. Taxila was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in in particular for the ruins of the four settlement sites which “reveal the pattern of urban evolution ttakshila the Indian subcontinent through more than five centuries”. Alexander Cunninghamthe founder and the first director-general of the Archaeological Survey of Indianoticed that this position did not agree with the descriptions provided in the itineraries of Chinese pilgrims and in particular, that of Xuanzangthe 7th-century Buddhist monk.


It has boasted a massive library called Dharma Gunj or Mountain of Knowledge that was set ttakshila in three buildings named Ratna Sagar, Ratnodavi and Ratnayanjak.

Takshila Academy

Though the number of students studying under a single Guru sometimes numbered in the hundreds, teachers did not deny education even if the student was poor; free boarding and lodging was provided, and students had to do manual work in the household [ citation needed ]. It also had lecture halls with stone benches for sitting; laboratories and other facilities were also available.

Examinations were treated as superfluous, and not considered part of the requirements to complete one’s studies [ citation needed ]. It is perhaps best known for its association with Chanakyaalso known as Kautilyathe strategist who guided Chandragupta Maurya and assisted in the founding of the Mauryan empire. Takshilz example, the university had a towering observatory called the Ambudharaavlehi for astronomical research.

In cases of poor students being takshioa to afford even that, they could approach the king, who would then step in and provide something.

Webarchive template wayback links Atkshila maint: In a report, Global Heritage Fund identified Taxila as one of 12 worldwide sites most “on the Verge” of irreparable loss and damage, citing insufficient management, development pressure, looting, and war and conflict as primary threats.

Cunningham’s subsequent explorations in —64 of a site at Shah-dheri convinced him that his hypothesis was correct. Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3. The sites of a number of important cities noted in ancient Indian texts were identified by scholars early in the 19th century.


The Grandeur of Gandhara: Indo-Greeks built a new capital, Sirkapon the opposite bank of the river from Taxila. Gakshila arriving at Taxila usually had completed their primary education at home until the age of eightand their secondary education in the Ashrams between the ages of eight and twelveand therefore came to Taxila chiefly to reach the ends of knowledge in specific disciplines.

The first major takehila at Taxila was established around BCE. Using knowledge for earning a living or for any selfish end was considered sacrilegious. Botanical gardens Ecoregions Environmental issues Forests Protected areas national parks game reserves sanctuaries Wildlife flora fauna Zoos.

The lost city of Taxila, however, was not identified until later, in Faxian who had takshika the city had given its name’s meaning as “Cut off Head”.


Taxila Nalanda Somapura Vikramashila. Retrieved 15 October The Kidaritesvassals of the Hephthalite Empire are known takshika have invaded Taxila in c. The serial site includes a number of monuments and other historical places of note in the area besides the four settlements at Bhir, Saraikala, Sirkap, and Sirsukh.

Not providing a poor student a means to supply his Guru’s Dakshina was considered the greatest slur on a King’s reputation.

takhsila Retrieved 1 April Thereupon, he set out with five of his brothers who wished to accompany him. Change the name also URL address, possibly the category of the page. Jaulian silver Buddhist reliquary, with content.