bacau plain anthracite

Postwar farming practices took a heavy toll on the country’s soil resources. The area of arable land grew incrementally from about 9. About half the cattle are raised for beef, which is an important export. Major copper, lead, and zinc deposits also have been discovered in the Bistrita Mountains, the Banat, and Dobruja. Great Recession, economic recession that was precipitated in the United States by the financial crisis….

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Oil deposits are found in the flysch formations that run in a band along the outer rim of the Carpathians and through the Subcarpathians.

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The Apuseni range holds silver and some of the richest gold deposits in Europe. The presence of petroleum, indicated by many ancient workings in the shape of shallow hand-dug wells, can be traced continuously at the foot of the Transylvanian Alps, from Turnu Severin into Bukovina. One of the greatest problems facing Romania after World War II, when the Soviet Union demanded the delivery of Romanian petroleum as war reparationswas the very limited development of power stations based on other fuels.

Minerals including sulphur, graphite, and mica are also found in limited quantities. Among the wine-producing countries of Europe, Rumania stood fifth indespite anthracitr ravages of phylloxeraold-fashioned culture, lack of storage and other drawbacks. Most of the country’s natural gas deposits are found in the Transylvanian Plateau.


After World War II, the bscau shifted its focus from raw timber to processed wood products. Peas are the predominant crop; maturing in time for an early harvest, they allow a second crop, usually fodder plants, to be grown on the same ground.

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Though commercially significant, these deposits were unable to satisfy the huge new steel mills that were the centerpiece of Romania’s industrial modernization after the mids. Total oil reserves in were estimated at million tons.

Views Read Edit View history. Trout farms are scattered throughout the country, though water pollution has endangered many of them. Reserves of poorer-quality lignite increasingly are being tapped to meet energy requirements.

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Although total coal reserves were estimated at 6 billion tons in the mids, much of this amount was low-quality brown coal containing a high percentage of noncombustible material.

These stations generated roughly 16 percent of Romania’s electricity in Birds are very numerous, including no fewer than 4 varieties of crows, 5 of warblers, 7 of woodpeckers, 8 of buntings, 4 of falcons, and 5 of eagles; while among the hosts of waterfowl which people the marshes of the Danube are 9 varieties of ducks, and 4 of rails. These reserves, however, have been depleted.

Major iron deposits are located in southeastern and southwestern Transylvania, the Banat, and the Dobruja. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval.

Sheep can be raised wherever grass is available, whether in the Alpine pastures or the Danube plain and valley. Another important project–still under construction in the late s–was a seventy-two-kilometer canal linking the capital city, Bucharest, with the Danube. The growing season is relatively long–from to days. This policy, first proposed in the early s but seriously implemented only after a delay of some twenty years, called for the destruction of more than 7, villages and resettlement of the residents into about standardized “agro-industrial centers,” where the farm population could enjoy the benefits of urban life.


Only those villages judged economically viable by the authorities were to be retained.

Romania – Fossil Fuels

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Reeds from the Danube delta produce cellulose, which is used to make hardboard. Most of the domestically produced crude was being used as feedstock for refining into valuable gasoline, naphtha, and other derivatives. The Bucharest Stock Exchange opened inand by wnthracite of companies were being traded. The best white wines came from Cotnar in plani Jassy department, but here phylloxera ruined the vineyards.

Water Along with an abundance of fertile soil, Romanian agriculture benefits from a temperate climate and generally adequate precipitation. More about the Economy of Romania. Wheat and corn maize are most important, followed by barley, rye, and oats. Romanian experts themselves predicted that reserves would be exhausted by Contact our editors with your feedback. Associated with petroleum is ozokerite, converted by the peasantry into candles. Agriculture has traditionally been the backbone of the Romanian economy; more than one-third of the land is devoted to cultivation including vineyards, orchards, and vegetable gardens.